Social Sciences

Oluwole Owoye, Chair (2014 – 2016)
        owoyeo@wcsu.edu
        Warner Hall 204, Midtown campus
        (203) 837-8456
        (203) 837-8905 (fax)

R. Averell Manes, Associate Chair
        manesa@wcsu.edu
        Warner Hall 213, Midtown campus
        (203) 837-8452
        (203) 837-8905 (fax)

Patricia Lerner, Department Secretary
        Warner Hall 224, Midtown campus
        (203) 837-8484
        (203) 837-8905 (fax)

Faculty by major program focus:

Anthropology & Sociology

C. Bandhauer C. Hegel-Cantarella S. Ward
L. Weinstein R. Whittemore  

Economics

O. Owoye, Chair Z. Pan  

Geography

TBA

Political Science

M. Dabros C. Kukk R. Manes

Adjunct Faculty

D. Barber I. Best L. Bianchi
A. Bibeau P. Crouse A. El Moustakim
B. Fitzpatrick J. Hatcherson J. Jowdy
C. Kelly F. Khan R. Kopfstein
D. Matte B. Morrison J. Netto
J. Postlethwaite J. Regan J. Robbins
F. Schneiderman C. Sgarlata P. Southard
M. Sperazza  H. Tombus  

Overview

Convinced that it has a special responsibility to prepare students for the ever-changing demands of contemporary society, the department provides disciplinary and methodological instruction and practice in the social sciences. To this end, courses are offered in anthropology, economics, geography, political science, sociology and social sciences research methodology. The department awards the B.A. degree in four programs: anthropology and sociology; economics; political science; and interdisciplinary social sciences.

The department offers the B.S. degree in anthropology/sociology, political science and interdisciplinary social sciences, as an academic major for students seeking an elementary education teaching certificate. The B.S. degree in interdisciplinary social sciences also meets all state requirements for an academic major for students seeking the secondary education teaching certificate entitled “History and Social Studies.” The B.S. degree programs require additional courses in professional education and formal admission by the education department.

This curricular effort is supported by department computer and archaeology laboratories and a map room. The department’s role in the university-affiliated Jane Goodall Institute generates opportunities for students to become academically involved in the institute’s mission of environmental, conservation and primate studies. Additionally, the department has cooperative departmental cross-listing of some courses and exchange of faculty instruction with several university departments such as communication, theatre arts, education, environmental sciences, finance, history and non-western cultures, justice and law administration, management (public administration) and social work.

The department sponsors a campus chapter of an international honor society in the social sciences, Pi Gamma Mu. Membership gives recognition to scholastic achievement, thereby enhancing employer and graduate admissions consideration. The campus chapter also provides the opportunity for members to contribute their talent for the benefit of the university and general community. Obtain details from the department office. 

The department also sponsors and publishes annually the Social Sciences Journal of original research written by students. Students are invited to contribute their essays or research papers for review. Two student editors and one faculty choose and edit the best examples of student work for publication.

Mission

The four social science programs at Western provide students with a holistic understanding and critical appreciation of the cultural, political, social and economic elements of society. The department curriculum presents a broad-based foundation in the social sciences while offering a rich and diverse range of degree programs and options.

B.A./B.S.: ANTHROPOLOGY/SOCIOLOGY

The allied fields of anthropology and sociology offer ways of understanding the world that are fundamental to many courses of study. Anthropology and sociology look at everyday life in the context of groups, societies and cultures to which humankind contribute. The program is designed to provide background for varied business, government and social service careers as well as for advanced graduate studies in a wide area of disciplines. There is an anthropology/sociology and elementary education option for students desiring to become elementary school teachers.

B.A.: ECONOMICS

The economics program provides students with an understanding and appreciation of the economic behavior of individuals, business and society. The focus is on social outcomes of economic transactions and events, as well as on economic performance. Economics is taught as part of a liberal arts education at Western and provides an especially relevant background for careers in business or government, as well as for graduate study in economics, law or business.

BA/BS.: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Students of political science are given an opportunity to develop a critical understanding of the political aspects of society. They are provided with a practical background for a variety of legal, government, public and social service careers, and a preparation for graduate studies in political science, as well as in related fields, such as pre-law. There is a political science and elementary education option for students desiring to become elementary school teachers.

B.A./B.S.: SOCIAL SCIENCES

This interdisciplinary major provides students with both a broad-based foundation in the social sciences and with a variety of course choices, allowing a student to focus on a specific topic or theme, such as global studies, family studies, or multi-cultural studies. This program is considered particularly relevant for teachers. There are two options for joining the major in social sciences with the majors in elementary education or secondary education.

Objectives

  • Emphasizes social research methodology and analytical skills.
  • Provides a personalized learning environment for students through faculty mentored undergraduate research opportunities and cooperative education research.
  • Prepares students for graduate education in the social sciences and allied fields.
  • Assists students in discerning appropriate careers through advising.
  • Fosters the growth and development of faculty through research, attendance at professional meetings, developing and directing public forums and discipline-related training workshops, and publication and presentation of scholarly work.
  • Expresses its strong commitment to public service by collaborating with agencies and organizations, such as Jane Goodall Institute, Housatonic Valley Association, Connecticut State Archaeology Office and Institute for American Indian Studies, and with regional elementary, junior and senior high school educators to promote social sciences education.

Degree Programs in Social Sciences

Degree and minor programs require a minimum GPA of 2.0. (There are additional requirements for education students majoring in social sciences.) All department majors are required to earn at least a “C” (2.0) minimum grade in any foundation course (100 level) specified within the student’s major program and in the three required methods courses: SS 201, SS 300 and SS 400. Students should contact the department chair in order to sign up for their required research seminar, SS 400, one semester prior to registration.

An electronically submitted portfolio of work in the social sciences is required of all students during the final semester before graduation. Four elements of the portfolio include:

1) Two “Course of Study” statements.

a) A written discussion of the student’s course of study, including courses contributing to scholarly development, steps taken to meet challenges in that development, and future plans based on the course of study;

b) A proposal of a significant question or line of inquiry of importance to the student in the major and an account of having arrived at that question or inquiry. Included will be a discussion of several research sources of bearing on the student’s question or inquiry, and a critical response to the inquiry’s assumptions or a proposal for a methodology that answering the question would require.

2) A research paper (previously submitted in a major course).

3) A senior thesis (previously submitted in SS 400: Senior Research Thesis).

4) A professional resumé (including the student’s curriculum vitae).

Details of the below listed programs are presented on the next several pages.

Bachelor of Arts

Anthropology/Sociology *
Economics
Political Science *
Social Sciences **
    Options:
             Anthropology/Sociology Studies
             Family Studies
             Global Studies
             Multi-cultural Studies

* Meets state requirements as academic major for students
seeking elementary teaching certificate. B.S. degree awarded
to education students.
** Meets state requirements as academic major for students
seeking elementary or secondary teaching certificates.
B.S. degree awarded to education students. Program guide sheets
may be obtained from the department secretary, Warner Hall
224.

Minor Programs in Social Sciences

Anthropology
Conflict Resolution
Cultural Resource Management
Economics                                                                                                                        
Geography
International Studies
Multi-cultural Studies
(with elective African-American focus)
Political Science
Sociology
Urban Studies
Women’s Studies

Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science in Anthropology/Sociology (B.A./B.S.)

Advisors assigned by department chair:

The anthropology/sociology program is an interdisciplinary effort towards understanding the social and cultural aspects of human behavior. The program is designed to provide background for varied business, government and social service careers as well as for advanced graduate studies in a wide area of disciplines.

The anthropology/sociology program requires 27 semester hours in the courses specified below and 15 semester hours of anthropology and sociology electives. The B.A. requirements consist of a minimum total of 122 semester hours, including the courses of the major, the required general education courses, free electives, exercise science and foreign language. Students should complete their general education requirements in writing and mathematics/computer science by their sophomore year.

The B.S. degree in anthropology/sociology is offered as a state-approved academic major for students seeking an elementary education teaching certificate. Students must also meet the course requirements of and be formally accepted into the education department.

Majors are required to earn at least a “C” (2.0) minimum grade in foundation courses (100 level) and in the three required methods courses: SS 201, SS 300 and SS 400.
Students should contact the department chair one semester prior to registering for their required research seminar, SS 400.

Specified courses for the B.A./B.S. in Anthropology/Sociology

ANT 100 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
ANT 110 Introduction to Physical Anthropology
SOC 100 Introduction to Sociology
SOC 101 Social Problems
ANT/SOC 330 Social and Cultural Theory
ANT/SOC 350 Modern and Postmodern Societies
SS 201 Researching Social Issues
SS 300 Quantitative Research Methods in Social Sciences
SS 400 Senior Research Thesis
Fifteen (15) semester hours (200 level or above) in
anthropology and sociology. (One NWC course or geography
course is allowable as elective in major. Students seeking the
elementary education teaching certificate must complete a
course in geography).

Course Restrictions
For a complete list of prerequisites, corequisites and other restrictions for all courses, please consult the Course Description section of this catalog.

Suggested four-year course sequence for B.A. in Anthropology/Sociology

First Year

Fall Semester Spring Semester
WRT-as per writing placement SOC 101 Social Problems (offered fall or spring)
MAT-as per mathematics placement test Any three general education courses (incl. lab science)
ANT 100, Intro to Cultural Anthropology*  
SOC 100 Intro to Sociology*  
Any general education course  

Sophomore Year

ANT 110 Intro to Physical Anthropology* Any two 200-or 300-level ANT/SOC courses
SS 201 Research Social Issues* Any three general education courses
Any 200 level ANT/SOC course  
Any two general education courses  

Junior Year

SS 300* Quantitative Research Methods in the SS (fall or spring Junior year) ANT/SOC 350 Modern & Postmodern Societies
Any two 200-400 level ANT/SOC courses  
Any two courses from free elective section, which may include add’l ANT/SOC courses, or courses for a second major or for a minor

Any three courses as free electives, or as additional ANT/SOC courses or as courses for a second major or for a minor

Senior Year

ANT/SOC 330 Social Cultural Theory SS 400 Senior Research Thesis*
Any four courses as free electives or as add’l ANT/SOC courses, or as courses for a second major or for a minor Any four courses as free electives or as add’l ANT/SOC courses, or as courses for a second major or for a minor

*minimum grade of “C” required

Minor in Anthropology

Eighteen semester hours, to include:

ANT 100 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
ANT 110 Introduction to Physical Anthropology
Four anthropology electives (200 level or above)

Minor in Cultural Resource Management (CRM)

Cultural resource management has become an increasingly significant subfield of archaeology as a result of federal and state legislation. Examples of such legislation are the Archaeological Resources Protection Act (1979) and the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (1990). The minor in CRM presents students with theoretical, methodological and practical experience, which will help them obtain professional employment in archaeology.

Minimum 18 semester hours to include:

ANT 213 North American Indians
ANT 225 Rocks, Stones and Bones: Introduction to Archaeology or ANT 226 New England Archaeology
ANT 229 Archaeological Field Methods
ANT 297 Coop Education Internships
ANT 341 Cultural Resource Management
HIS 294 Introduction to Historical Research

Minor in Sociology

Eighteen semester hours, to include:

SOC 100 Intro. to Sociology
SOC 101 Social Problems
Four sociology electives (200 level or above)

Bachelor of Arts in Economics (B.A.)

Requirements:

The economics program seeks to foster an understanding and appreciation of the economic behavior of society. The focus is on the social outcomes of economic transactions and events rather than on individual economic performance per se. Economics provides an especially relevant background for employment in business or government, as well as for graduate study in economics, law or business.

The B.A. in Economics is awarded upon completion of all general education requirements, the courses listed below, and free electives to total a minimum of 122 semester hours, including exercise science and a foreign language. Majors are required to earn at least a “C” (2.0) minimum grade in foundation courses (100 level) and in the three required methods courses: SS 201, SS 300 or FIN 230, and SS 400 or ECO 350. Students should contact the department chair one semester prior to registering for their required research seminar, ECO 350 or SS 400.

Specified courses for B.A. in Economics:

ECO 100 Principles of Macroeconomics*
ECO 101 Principles of Microeconomics*
ECO 205 Intermediate Microeconomics
ECO 206 Intermediate Macroeconomics
SS 201 Researching Social Issues
SS 300 Quantitative Research Methods in the Social Sciences or FIN 230 Business Statistics
ECO 350 Seminar in Economic Research or SS 400 Senior Research Thesis
MAT 181 Calculus I or MAT 118 Elementary Applied Mathematics
Six economics courses (200 level or above; PS/ECO 110 allowed)

*Note for ECO 100 and ECO 101: It is recommended that students have either completed MAT 098 or have achieved scores on the appropriate mathematics test equivalent to MAT 098 or a higher level of mathematics course. Students should complete their general education requirements in writing and mathematics/computer science by their sophomore year.

Course Restrictions
For a complete list of prerequisites, corequisites and other restrictions for all courses, please consult the Course Description section of this catalog.

Suggested four-year course sequence for B.A. in Economics

First Year

Fall Semester Spring Semester
WRT-as per writing placement ECO 101 Prin. of Microeconomics*
MAT-as per mathematics placement Any four general education courses (incl. lab science)
ECO 100, Principles of Macroeconomics*  
Any two general education courses  

Sophomore Year

ECO 205 Intermediate Micro Eco ECO 206 Intermediate Macro Eco
Any economics course Any economics course
Any two general education courses Any two general education courses
Any free elective course, or as add’l courses in economics, or as courses for a second major or for a minor  

Junior Year

SS 201 Research Social Issues * SS 300 Quantitative Research Methods* or FIN 230 Business Statistics
Any two economics courses Any three courses as free electives, or as add’l courses in economics, or as courses for a second major or for a minor
Any two courses as free electives, or as add’l courses in economics, or as courses for a second major or for a minor  

Senior Year

SS 400* (Fall or Spring)  
Any five courses as free electives, or as add’l courses in economics, or as courses for a second major or for a minor Any five courses as free electives, or as add’l courses in economics, or as courses for a second major or for a minor

*A minimum of a “C” grade is required.

Minor in Economics

Eighteen semester hours, to include:

ECO 100 Principles of Macroeconomics
ECO 101 Principles of Microeconomics
Four economics electives (200 levels or above)

Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science in Political Science (B.A./B.S.)

Program Advisors: M. Dabros, C. Kukk and A. Manes

Requirements

The department’s program in political science is designed to provide a foundation for public service careers as well as graduate studies in political science or related fields in the social sciences. The B.S. degree in political science is offered as a state approved academic major for students seeking an elementary education teaching certificate. (For the certificate, students must also be formally accepted into the education program of the education department.)

The B.A. requires completion of the courses listed below, all general education requirements and additional free electives to a minimum of 122 semester hours, including exercise science and foreign language. Students should complete their general education requirements in writing  and mathematics/computer science by their sophomore year. Majors are required to earn at least a “C” (2.0) minimum grade in foundation courses (100 level) and in the three required methods courses: SS 201, SS 300 and SS 400. Students should contact the department one semester prior to registering for their required research seminar, SS 400.

Specified courses for B.A./B.S. in Political Science:

PS 100 Introduction to Political Science
PS 102 American Government
PS 104 World Governments, Economies and Cultures or PS/ECO 110 Political Economy
SS 201 Researching Social Issues
SS 300 Quantitative Research Methods in the Social Sciences
SS 400 Senior Research Thesis
Five approved courses in political science (200 – 400 level)
Two approved courses from the following areas: anthropology, economics, geography, history, sociology. Students seeking the elementary education teaching certificate must choose courses in geography and sociology.

Course Restrictions
For a complete list of prerequisites, corequisites and other restrictions for all courses, please consult the Course Description section of this catalog.

Suggested four-year course sequence for B.A. in Political Science

First Year

Fall Semester Spring Semester
WRT-as per writing placement PS 102 American Government*
MAT-as per mathematics placement PS 104 World Governments, Economies & Cultures*
PS 100 Intro to Political Science* Any three general education courses
Any two general education courses  

Sophomore Year

Any two political science courses Any two political science courses (300/400 level recommended)
General Ed laboratory science Any three general education courses (incl. psychology and NWC courses)
Two courses* from ANT, ECO, HIS, or SOC  

Junior Year

SS 201 Research Social Issues*  
SS 300 Quantitative Research Methods in the Social Sciences* (fall or spring)  Any four courses as free electives, or as add’l political science courses, or as courses for a second major or for a minor
Any political science course  
Any two general education courses, and/or any courses as free electives, or as add’l political science courses, or as courses for a second major or for a minor  

 

Senior Year

Any five courses as free electives, or as add’l political science courses, or as courses for a second major or for a minor SS 400 Senior Research Thesis*
   Any four courses as free electives, or as add’l political science courses, or as courses for a second major or for a minor

*A minimum of a “C” grade is required.

Minor in Political Science

Eighteen semester hours, to include:
PS 100 Introduction to Political Science
PS 102 American Government
Four political science electives (200 level or above)

Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science in Social Sciences (B.A./B.S.)

(Also available evenings)

Advisors assigned by department chair:

The interdisciplinary major in social sciences is designed to provide a broad foundation in the social sciences and to allow a variety of course choices through which one of several topics or themes may be emphasized.

The B.S. degree program in the social sciences meets all state requirements as an academic major for students seeking either the elementary education teaching certificate or the secondary education teaching certificate entitled “History and Social Studies.” (For the certificate, students must also be formally accepted into the education program of the education department.)

The B.A. requires completion of the courses listed below, as well as elective and specified general education requirements and additional free electives to a minimum of 122 semester hours, including exercise science and foreign language. Majors are required to earn at least a “C” (2.0) minimum grade in foundation courses (100 level) and in the three required methods courses: SS 201, SS 300 and SS 400. Students should complete their general education requirements in writing and mathematics/computer science by their sophomore year. Students should contact department one semester prior to registering for their required research seminar, SS 400.

Specified courses for B.A./B.S. Social Sciences

Select any three of the five courses listed:

ANT 100 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
ECO 100 Principles of Macroeconomics
GEO 100 Principles of World Geography*
PS 100 Introduction to Political Science or PS 102 American Government
SOC 100 Introduction to Sociology*

Required Courses:
SS 201 Researching Social Issues
SS 300 Quantitative Research Methods in the Social Sciences
SS 400 Senior Research Thesis
Fifteen semester credits of electives in the social sciences (200-400 level; may include one 100-level course): ANT, ECO, GEO, PS, SS or SOC

Note: Students seeking the secondary education credential must have at least one course in each of the following four disciplines: (1) ANT or SOC; (2) ECO; (3) GEO; and (4) PS.

HIS 148 American History: To 1877
HIS 149 American History: Since 1877
HIS 186 Europe: Ancient and Medieval
HIS 187 Modern Europe
Any two Non-Western Cultures courses
PSY 100 Introduction to Psychology

Forty-four semester credits of free electives
*Elementary education students must take SOC 100; GEO 100; MAT 105 and 106. Elementary education students are exempted from the foreign language requirement.

Course Restrictions
For a complete list of prerequisites, corequisites and other restrictions for all courses, please consult the Course Description section of this catalog.

Suggested four-year course sequence for B.A. Social Sciences

First Year

Fall Semester Spring Semester
WRT-as per writing placement Select one* from ANT 100, ECO 100, GEO 100, PS 100 or PS 102, SOC 100
MAT-as per mathematics placement HIS 187 Modern Europe
Select two* from ANT 100, ECO 100, GEO 100, PS 100 or PS 102, SOC 100 Any three general education courses (incl. psychology, CTA, or lab sci)
HIS 186 Europe: Ancient & Medieval  

Sophmore Year

HIS 148 American History to 1877* HIS 149 American History since 1877*
Any NWC course* Any NWC course*
Any two 200 level or above courses with these labels: ANT, ECO, GEO, PS, SOC, or SS Any two 200 or higher level courses with these labels:  ANT, ECO, GEO, PS, SOC, or SS
Any general education course Any general education course

Junior Year

SS 201 Research Social Issues* Any four courses as free electives, or add’l courses in ANT, ECO, GEO, PS, SOC or SS (recommend 300/400 level), or courses for a second major or for a minor
SS 300 Quantitative Research Methods in the Social Sciences* (fall or spring)  
Any 300/400 level courses with one of these labels:  ANT, ECO, GEO, PS, SOC or SS  
Any two general education courses and/or free electives  

Senior Year

Any five courses as free electives, or as add’l political science courses, or as courses for a second major or for a minor SS 400 Senior Research Thesis*
   Any four courses as free electives, or as add’l political science courses, or as courses for a second major or for a minor

*A minimum “C” grade is required. 

Note: Secondary teacher candidates must complete the social sciences major requirements by the end of their junior year. The B.S. in Social Sciences degree is nearly the same as given above, but there are some important differences. Consult with your major adviser and use the social sciences/secondary education major program sheet available at Warner Hall 224.

Options in the Social Sciences

The fifteen semester hours forming each option may be selected in place of the 15 hours of electives within the social sciences major. The options suggest themes for study and give transcript recognition for such study.

Anthropology/Sociology Studies Option in Social Sciences

Fifteen semester hours of any ANT or SOC 200-400 level courses (ANT 110 Introduction to Physical Anthropology is allowable).

Family Studies Option in Social Sciences

Fifteen semester hours as specified:
SOC 221 Human Family Systems
SOC 305 Contemporary Family Problems
Choose three (3) of the following:
ANT/SOC 204 Culture and Personality
SS 301 Guided Readings in the Social Sciences
SW/SOC 260 Aging
SOC/JLA 205 Juvenile Delinquency
Any appropriate course with prior department approval

Global Studies Option in Social Sciences

Fifteen semester hours as specified: Select at least one course from each of the following three groupings and select an additional two courses from those listed in the groupings below or from social science (or history) courses approved in advance by the department chairperson.
ANT 222 Peasant Societies or ANT/SOC 350 Modern & Postmodern Societies or SS 101 Intro. to Third World Development
ECO 201 Comparative Economic Systems or ECO 204 Economic Development & Growth or ECO 208 Contemporary International Economic Issues
PS 200 International Relations or PS 305 Comparative Government & Politics or PS 306 Comparative Communist and Post-Communist Systems
Additional two courses from above selections or by department approval

Multi-cultural Studies Option in Social Sciences

Fifteen semester hours as specified:
SOC 200 Concepts of Race & Ethnic Relations
ANT/COM 208 Intercultural Communication
or ANT/SOC 322 Comparative Minority Relations
or ANT/SOC 340 Culture Change & Planning
ANT/SOC 350 Modern & Postmodern Societies
or PS/SOC 310 Political Sociology
or SOC 202 Class, Status & Power
SOC 221 Human Family Systems
or SW 220 Cultural Diversity*
Any AAS (200 level) course or ethnography as
AAS/ANT 212, ANT 213, ANT 214 or ANT 298

* SW 220 does not meet social sciences requirements for teaching certificate in history and social studies.

Learning Outcomes

At the completion of their studies, Social Science majors will demonstrate:

  1. Mastery of or proficiency in the theories and concepts of their field in the social sciences.
  2. Mastery of or proficiency in the research methodologies of the social sciences.
  3. Mastery of or proficiency in the application of their skills/ behaviors in the social sciences.
  4. Mastery of or proficiency in information technology and literacy.

Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Minor Programs

Minor in Conflict Resolution

Faculty Advisor: A. Manes

To successfully negotiate today’s stressful and competitive environment, people require highly refined communication and conflict resolution skills. This minor program in conflict management allows students to learn about, practice and further develop some key fundamental behaviors designed to establish powerful rapport with others, and to manage conflict creatively and constructively when it occurs. In addition, the knowledge and insights gained in the basic core courses heighten intellectual pursuits in many other disciplines, such as political science, sociology, economics, history, psychology, communication, theater arts, social work, criminal justice and law, and management.

To enroll in this minor program, contact the program adviser listed above. In addition to two required foundation courses, SS 401 and PS 401 or SS 402, your adviser will help you select four additional elective courses from the list below. The program adviser may approve other elective courses if content is deemed relevant to the program. No more than six credit hours should be selected from any one discipline or from the student’s major. The conflict resolution minor program sheet/guide is available from the program adviser.

Required Foundation Courses

SS 401 Fundamentals of Conflict Resolution AND
SS 402 Mediation: Theory & Practice OR  PS 401 Global Conflict Resolution

Electives offered by the Dept. of Social Sciences:
ANT/COM 208 Intercultural Communication
ANT/SOC 322 Comparative Minority Relations
ECO 202 Labor Economics
ECO 209 Urban Economics
PS 200 International Relations
PS 290 Geopolitics in the 20th Century
PS 402 Violent & Nonviolent Conflict Resolution
PS 403 International Institutions
SOC 101 Social Problems
SOC 200 Concepts of Race & Ethnic Relations
SOC 202 Class, Status & Power
SOC 210 Urban Society
SS 299 Student Developed Study

Electives offered by other departments:
COM 210 Nonverbal Communication
COM 212 Effective Listening
COM 362 Organizational Communication
COM 408 Strategies of Persuasion
HIS 256 Background to the Civil War
HIS 382 Contemporary Middle East
JLA 426 Conflict Resolution & Management
MGT 350 Management Negotiations
MGT 376 Managing People
PSY 205 Social Psychology
SW 220 Cultural Diversity

Minor in Geography

Faculty Advisor: Joshua Regan

Eighteen  semester hours, consisting of three required courses and three electives. Specialized knowledge in one world region or country is encouraged.

Emphasizing the interaction between humans and geo-physical environments, this minor explores the fundamental importance of location, place, region and the inter-relationships between differing localities in order to master geographic skills and knowledge.

Experience in spatial analysis skills includes data management, map reading, collation and presentation of geographical information, and related inferential thinking about human and geo-physical relationships. Spatial interactions, including trade, environmental management systems, as well as natural environmental conditions all contribute to a developing knowledge of world regions, countries, cities, and cultures.

Finally, moral questions encountered in geographical study are examined, including cultural differences, development prospects, and the importance of environmental management and conservation.

Requirements
GEO 100 Principles of World Geography
GEO 215 Geographical Information Systems (offered every spring)
GEO 270 Geography of Environment and Development (offered every spring)

Electives: (at least two of which must be at the 200 level or above)
GEO 290 Geopolitics in the Twenty-First Century
GEO 250 USA and Canada: A Regional Study
GEO 252 Latin America: A Regional Study
GEO 253 Russia and Euro-Asia: A Regional Study
ENV/GEO 150 Urban Environment as an Ecological Problem
ES 103 Planet Earth
AAS/GEO 251 Africa: A Regional Study
HIS/AAS 219 African-American History and Culture (contemporary)
NWC 103 Chinese Culture
NWC 104 Japanese Culture
NWC 105 Cultures of India
NWC 107 Middle Eastern Culture
NWC/AAS109 Equatorial African Cultures
NWC 110 Vietnamese Culture
NWC 112 Korean Culture
NWC/AAS 113 Southern African Cultures
NWC 115 Latin American and Caribbean Civilizations

Other electives with significant geographical components will be considered at the discretion of the faculty adviser.

Minor In International Studies
Minor in International Studies: Interdisciplinary

Faculty Advisor: R. Whittemore

Eighteen semester hours are required.

The object of the international studies minor is to encourage students to adopt a more expansive view of the world around them.

As a world power the United States continues to be more and more involved in the political, economic and cultural affairs of many countries. Our own security is dependent to an important degree on our relations with other countries, large and small. Many American jobs are dependent on overseas markets. Our well-being, therefore, depends on the understanding of foreign peoples, their histories and cultures. Giving our students some recognition in the form of an international studies minor may very well assist them in their career goals no matter what their majors happen to be.

To fulfill the requirements of the international studies minor the student must:

a. Satisfactorily complete four 200-level or above courses, the content of which are substantially international in nature. The coordinator of the Western International Center will have a list of the appropriate courses. The decision as to which courses fulfill this requirement shall be left to the coordinator of the Western International Center who shall advise the student accordingly. These four courses must be selected from at least two of the following six interdisciplinary categories:

1. ANT/SOC/SS
2. ED/HED
3. ECO/FIN/MKT
4. FR/SPA
5. ENG/COM/PHI
6. GEO/HIS/PS

b. Satisfactorily complete two 100-level courses which examine cultures other than European or American (NWC designations).

Minor in Multi-cultural Studies

(with elective African-American Focus)

Faculty Advisor: R. Whittemore

Eighteen semester hours are required.

In addition to the required course, SOC 200 Concepts of Race and Racism, courses may include those listed for the Multi-cultural Studies Option in Social Sciences as well as any course from any other discipline (100-400 level), provided (a) the student requests and receives approval from the Minor Faculty Adviser and (b) the university catalog course descriptions of those alternative courses indicate substantial ethnic, minority and cultural diversity subject coverage.

If at least 12 semester hours are in African-American studies (AAS) courses (100-400 level), the student’s transcript shall read: minor in multi-cultural studies: African-American focus.

Minor in Urban Studies

Faculty Advisor: S. Ward

The urban studies minor is an interdisciplinary program focusing on urban issues, concepts, and problems. The minor affords students the opportunity to explore urban concerns through a variety of disciplinary lenses and the chance to examine practical solutions to urban problems. The minor also prepares students for increased employment possibilities at the municipal, state, or federal level, or for graduate work in one of several areas related to urban studies (e.g., urban studies, urban, town, or regional planning, urban geography, demography, etc.).

Students select 18 semester hours from the courses listed below; no more than nine hours should be from 100-level courses and no more than six hours should be selected from any one discipline or from the student’s major. Students are strongly encouraged to apply 3-6 semester hours earned in an approved cooperative education internship to this program.

ANT 350 Modern & Postmodern Societies
ART 101 History and Appreciation of Western Art: Renaissance to the Present
ECO 100 Principles of Macroeconomics or ECO 207 Contemporary Domestic Economic Issues
ECO 209 Urban Economics
GEO/ENV 150 Urban Environment as a Human Ecological Problem
HIS 208 Rise of Industrialism in America
HIS 363 The American City
HIS 368 New York City: History and Culture
PS 218 American State & Local Government
SS/CED 297 Coop Internship
SOC 101 Social Problems
SOC 210 Urban Sociology

Any appropriate substitute course must have prior department approval.

Minor in Women’s Studies (WS)

Faculty Advisor: C. Hegel-Cantarella or L. Weinstein

The women’s studies minor is an interdisciplinary and interdepartmental program that provide the opportunity for students to increase their awareness and knowledge about women’s achievements and contributions to society, and about social concerns and issues that are of particular importance to women and to all minority groups.

The 18 credits in the minor shall consist of electives with a WS label or courses with a discipline label which are identified as relevant by a committee drawn from participating departments. Students should contact their faculty adviser for a list of recommended electives.

WS 200 Introduction to Women’s Studies
WS/ANT 236 Culture, Sex and Gender
WS/ANT 314 Native Peoples of the Southwest: Women, Spirituality and Power
WS/COM 211 Women, Language and Communication
WS/COM 444 Women and the Media in the U.S.
WS/ECO 212 Economics of Gender
WS/ENG 334 Women Writers
WS/HIS 320 Women and Leadership
WS/JLA 301 Women and Criminal Justice
WS/NUR 250 Women’s Health Issues
WS/PSY 217 Psychology of Women

Recommended cognate elective courses for Women’s Studies
SOC 221 Human Family Systems
SOC 305 Contemporary Family Problems
SW 220 Cultural Diversity

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