Biology


BIO 100 Concepts of Biology 4 SH
This is an introductory course for the non-science major. Basic concepts from cell structure and function to evolution and ecology are studied and related to current human concerns. Laboratory activities, which range from microscope investigation to field study, complement the lecture. Every semester (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). General Education: Lab Science.

BIO 103 General Biology I 4 SH
This is the first half of a two-semester introductory course in which the major principles of biology are studied. Topics investigated are the chemical and physical foundations of life, cell structure and function, metabolism, development and genetics. Prerequisite: Successful completion of MAT 098 and WRT 098, or placement testing above the 098 level in Mathematics and Writing. Fall semester — Day, Spring semester — Evening (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). General Education: Lab Science only if both BIO 103 and 104 are completed.

BIO 104 General Biology II 4 SH
This is the second half of a two-semester introductory course in which the major principles of biology are studied. Topics investigated include evolution, ecology, animal behavior and the characteristics of the five kingdoms of life (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 103 with a minimum grade of “C” or better.  Fall semester — Evening. Spring semester — Day. General Education: Lab Science only if both BIO 103 and 104 are completed.

BIO 105 Anatomy and Physiology I 4 SH
This course is the first half of a two-semester course providing an introduction to the structure and function of the human organism. Topics covered include an introduction to anatomical terminology, biological chemistry, cells, tissues and the following systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular and nervous. Laboratory exercises complement the lecture material. Fall semester. (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: Enrollment in a B.S. or B.A. program, as well as successful completion of MAT 098 and WRT 098, or placement testing above the 098 level in Mathematics and Writing.

BIO 106 Anatomy and Physiology II 4 SH
This course is the second half of a two-semester course providing an introduction to the structure and function of the human organism. Topics covered include the circulatory, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems. Laboratory exercises complement the lecture material. Spring semester (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 105 with a minimum grade of “C” or better.

BIO 110 The Animal World 4 SH
The characteristics of representative vertebrate and invertebrate animals are studied. The course is oriented to a phylogenetic approach, progressing from simple to complex forms. Consideration is given to functional anatomy, behavior and the role of the animal in its ecosystem. Animal dissection is a requirement in the laboratory portion of this course (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). General Education: Lab Science.

BIO 115 Plants and Society 4 SH
This course will consider the importance of domesticated plants in human societies. The plants that stand between humans and starvation will be considered in context with how plant domestication occurs. The home vegetable garden will be used as the venue for understanding domestication and the relationships between domesticated plants and their wild relatives. Other topics include the importance of wild populations in crop improvement and plants as sources of beverages, drugs, fibers and dyes. Labs will consist of bench work and field trips; the local supermarket will serve as a surrogate lab for part of the course. General Education: Lab Science.

BIO 123 Local Flora 2 SH
This is an introductory field course on the identification of local native plants. Experience in collecting, pressing, mounting and identifying plants. A collection of identified pressed plants is a requirement for the course. No prior experience in plant identification is required. Eight weeks (5 hrs: lecture, laboratory experiences by demonstration, discussion and field work). General Education: Lab Science.

BIO 124 The Flowering Plants 2 SH
This course is an introduction to biological investigation using a familiar organism, the flowering plant. Topics will include the anatomy, physiology, evolution and ecology of flowering plants (5 hrs: lecture, laboratory experiences by demonstration, discussion and field work). General Education: Lab Science.

BIO/ENV 129 Horticulture 2 SH
This course is an introduction to plants useful to people. It will examine the basic structure and function of plants and their culture requirements. Emphasis will be placed on methods for growing vegetables, herbs, fruits and flowers which can be used in the New England home environment. Eight weeks (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory and field work). General Education: Lab Science.

BIO 132 Human Biology 4 SH
This course is intended for students not majoring in biology and will fulfill the general education lab science requirement. Human biology introduces students to the scientific method, the structure and function of the human body, diseases, the evolution of humans, and ecology. Laboratory exercises complement lecture material. Fall semester, odd-numbered years (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). General Education: Lab Science.

BIO 200 Ecology 4 SH
This course reviews the basic mechanisms regulating the interaction of living organisms with their environment. Topics include energy flow, community structure, ecological succession, population ecology and biomes. Field trips are required. Fall semester (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 103 and BIO 104.

BIO 203 Invertebrate Zoology 4 SH
This course consists of a study of the morphology and anatomy of representative invertebrate animals from a phylogenetic approach. The increasing complexity of each of the representative types is discussed (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 104 or BIO 110.

BIO 204 Vertebrate Zoology 4 SH
A comparative study is made of the vertebrate classes. The anatomy, physiology, evolution and behavior of the vertebrate classes will be surveyed, with an emphasis on the phylogenetic continuity of structures and functions. The laboratory will stress anatomy while lectures will stress physiology and evolution (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 103 and BIO 104.

BIO 205 Animal Physiology 4 SH
This course is an introduction to the physiology of animals. Although mammals will be emphasized, invertebrates and other vertebrates will also be covered. Anatomy pertinent to physiology will be discussed. Laboratory experiments complement lecture material and introduce students to various laboratory techniques. Spring semester (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 104 or BIO 110.

BIO 207 Plant Physiology 4 SH
This course includes the growth and development of the plant and its parts, the relation of plants to water and minerals, and the effects of environmental factors on plant morphology, photosynthesis, and respiration (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 104 or BIO 111.

BIO 208 Animal Behavior 4 SH
The biological basis of natural animal behavior will be studied with a stress on ecological and evolutionary considerations. Mechanisms of social behavior will be examined, as will specific examples of social systems (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 104.

BIO 215 Microbiology 4 SH
This course is intended for non-biology majors. In the course we will survey important microorganisms found in our environment, with special attention given to those that parasitize humans and animals. Lectures include structure, metabolic activities, control and host response to infection. Laboratory provides supporting study of all groups, with emphasis on the culture, identification and metabolic activities of bacteria. Fall semester (2 hrs lecture — two 2-hr laboratories).  Prerequisite: CHE 121 and BIO 106 or permission of instructor.

BIO 216 General Microbiology 4 SH
This course is intended for biology majors. In this introductory course students will study the fundamental structural and metabolic characteristics of microorganisms (mainly prokaryotes) and will learn basic techniques for enrichment, selection, isolation, enumeration and identification. In the course we will address not only the ability of microorganisms to cause disease, but also their role in research, their importance in functional ecosystems and their economic significance. Spring semester, even-numbered years (2 hrs lecture — two 2-hr laboratories). Prerequisite: BIO 104 and CHE 111, or permission of instructor. Not open to students who have passed BIO 215.

BIO 225 Cancer Biology 3 SH
Cancer biology will introduce the student to cancer in the context of abnormal cell division and specialization. A study of the history, current status and likely future aspects of our understanding of this disease will be undertaken (3 hrs lecture). Prerequisite: One four-credit biology course.

BIO 297 Biology Cooperative Education

BIO 298 Faculty Developed Study 1–6 SH

BIO 299 Student Developed Study 1–6 SH

BIO 300 Cell Biology 4 SH
This course is a study of the activities of cells, including evolutionary and molecular perspectives. The laboratory work will include an examination of different types of cells, the cellular environment, cell culture, cellular bioenergetics and cell work, as well as an introduction to the instrumentation used to study cellular activities. Spring semester (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: Junior standing in biology; one semester of organic chemistry.

BIO 310 Vertebrate Embryology 4 SH
This course is a study of the development of selected vertebrates, providing a foundation for understanding the embryological development of the human body (2 hrs lecture — two 2-hour laboratories). Prerequisite: BIO 104 or 110.

BIO 311 Developmental Biology 4 SH
A study of the concepts of plant and animal development provides a basis for the organization of much interdisciplinary information. A consideration of the historical development and current status of these concepts make up the subject matter of the course (2 hrs lecture — 4 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 104 or BIO 110 and BIO 111 and junior standing in biology.

BIO 312 Genetics 4 SH
This course will cover the basic principles of genetics, including classical genetics, molecular genetics, gene expression, quantitative genetics, cytogenetics, population genetics and evolutionary genetics. Fall semester. (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 103 and BIO 104 and junior standing.

BIO 320 Conservation Ecology 4 SH
This course will explore the rapidly expanding field of conservation ecology and management of the detrimental impact humans have on their biological environment. Basic ecological issues will be considered in context of principles of ecology, population biology and wildlife management — from global, regional, and local perspectives. Laboratory consists of field trips and guest lectures. Prerequisite: BIO 200.

BIO 321 Immunology 4 SH
This course is an introduction to the mammalian immune system. Lectures include discussion of antibody formation and function, cellular immune responses, allergies, tissue transplantation, cancer and disorders of the immune system. Laboratory experiments complement lecture material while introducing the student to immunological research techniques. Fall semester, even-numbered years (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 103 and BIO 104, a year of college chemistry and junior standing in biology, or permission of instructor.

BIO 325 Evolutionary Biology 3 SH
This course emphasizes evolution as the unifying theme of biology. Topics covered will include evidence for evolution, historical evolution of life, mechanisms of evolutionary change and the molecular basis of evolution. Current ideas and controversies in evolutionary biology will be discussed. Spring semester (3 hrs lecture). Prerequisite: BIO 312 or permission of instructor.

BIO 330 Systematic Biology 3 SH
This course will cover the science behind our understanding of the tree-of-life. A focus will be the taxonomic revolution that is sweeping biology and its relationship to conceptual advances in data analysis and advances in DNA technologies. Topics covered will include the nature of species, how relationships between species are estimated based on both morphological and molecular data, what these data reveal about evolutionary relationship, and how the resulting classifications are used as tools in the present biodiversity crisis. Examples will be taken from all kingdoms of life to illustrate the principles discussed (3 hours lecture). Prerequisite: BIO 103, BIO 104 and BIO 200.

BIO 360 Scientific Communication 2 SH
This course is designed to familiarize students with the art of scientific communication. Techniques of literature search, scientific writing, and seminar presentations of scientific research are included. Appropriate student assignments are made for each phase of the discussion and include writing a grant proposal for a research project. Spring semester (2 hrs lecture). Prerequisite: junior standing in biology.

BIO/ED 385 Methods of Teaching 3 SH in the Secondary Schools
See ED/BIO 385

BIO/ED 386 Secondary Education 1 SH Professional Development School Experience
See ED/BIO 386

BIO 410 Topics in Molecular Genetics 4 SH
This course will cover selected topics in molecular genetics, with emphasis on current developments in gene structure and expression and on applications to biotechnology. Laboratory exercises will consist of an integrated set of experiments culminating in cloning of a prokaryotic gene. Emphasis will be on experimental design and analysis (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 312 or CHE 421 or equivalent.

BIO/CHE 440 Molecular Biology 3 SH
A consideration of the molecular bases of biological phenomena (3 hrs lecture). Prerequisite: junior standing in the major or permission of the instructor.

BIO/ED 442 Teaching Science in 3 SH Secondary Schools
See ED/BIO 342.

BIO 450 Population Ecology 3 SH
This course will consider the theoretical, experimental, and empirical foundations of population ecology. Topics covered will include density-independent and density-dependent mechanisms of population regulation, life history evolution, competition, predator-prey relationships, metapopulations, island biogeography, and applications to conservation biology (3 hrs lecture). Prerequisite: BIO 200 or equivalent; MAT 101 recommended.

BIO 470 Entomology 4 SH
This course provides a broad examination of insect structure, physiology, ecology, and classification. The ecological role of insects in ecosystem processes will be emphasized. The laboratory will provide experience in field and lab techniques used in the study of insects (3 hrs lecture — 3 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 104 and BIO 200 or equivalent.

BIO 475 Climate Ecology 3 SH
This multi-disciplinary course will discuss the nature of climate and the manner that it affects humans and other living organisms. The following central themes will be developed: how we study climate over Earth’s history, how climate has provided the context for evolutionary and cultural changes, and the likely effects of climate change on organisms, communities, and ecosystems in the future (3 hrs lecture). Prerequisite: BIO 200 or permission of the instructor.

BIO 480 Group Senior Research  3 SH
Students learn skills and techniques necessary for designing and carrying out a research project related to the research specialty of the faculty member leading the course and integrated with the primary scientific literature. Students participate in laboratory and written activities and engage in peer discussion and evaluation. The goals of the course are for students to work with the faculty member to: a) articulate testable hypotheses; b) design, set-up, and execute experiments to test such hypotheses; c) collect, quantitatively analyze and interpret data; d) effectively present their research findings orally and in a written report.  The course includes seminar attendance requirements, and may include guest presentations, field trips and other experiences designed to inspire interest in real-life scientific investigation. Each student will make a presentation to the department at the end of the course. Every semester (2 hrs lecture — 4 hrs laboratory). Prerequisite: BIO 360 and Senior standing.

BIO 490 Advanced Senior Research 3 SH
A collaboration between a student and a sponsoring faculty member on an original research project.  Students must negotiate a plan of action with a faculty member and submit a written hypothesis-driven proposal for approval by the department by the end of the semester prior to enrollment in this course. The student and faculty member work closely on developing the proposal. Students interested in applying should request proposal guidelines and submission deadlines from the department. Final written and oral reports are required. Every semester. Prerequisite: BIO 360 and 3.0 grade point average or higher in the major. Sponsoring faculty may require completion of BIO 299 prior to submission of written proposal. Can be used to fulfill Departmental requirement for BIO 480 Group Senior Research.

The following courses also have been approved and are offered periodically:
BIO 108 The Microbial World
BIO 111 General Botany
BIO 125 Food and Human Nutrition
BIO/ENV 126 Animals and Their Environment
BIO 130 Human Life before Birth
BIO 133 Human Development before Birth
BIO/ENV 156 Biology of the Environment
BIO 206 Plant Morphology
BIO 212 Plant Diversity and Evolution
BIO 400 Environmental Microbiology

 

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